May Center School for Brain Injury and Related Disorders

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About Brain Injury.

Acquired brain injury refers to a traumatic or non-traumatic brain injury that occurs after birth. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is caused by an external force. Non-traumatic brain injury occurs as a result of disease or illness.

Each year, approximately 2.5 million children and adults in the U.S. sustain a traumatic brain injury (TBI); 2.2 million are treated for TBI in Emergency Departments or Trauma Centers; 280,000 are hospitalized; 50,000 die.*

Currently, more than 5.3 million children and adults in the U.S. live with a lifelong disability as a result of TBI. The effects of TBI can include impaired thinking or memory, movement, sensation (e.g., vision or hearing), or emotional functioning (e.g., personality changes, depression). These issues not only affect individuals, but can also have lasting effects on families and communities.*

(*Brain Injury Association of America and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2018)

Although it can be a devastating diagnosis, there is much cause for hope. With the right treatment, people with brain injury can and do make significant progress in regaining skills.

Treatment should include rehabilitation and special education services through a multidisciplinary team of professionals, including licensed psychologists, physical and occupational therapists, speech and language pathologists, behavioral specialists, and teachers specifically trained in the treatment of brain injury. Residential services can also be useful for individuals who need extra care.